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United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source

(Trillion Btu)

Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:



Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

These data include energy consumed at foreign installations and in foreign operations, including aviation and ocean bunkering, primarily by the U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. government energy use for electricity generation and uranium enrichment is excluded. Other energy used by U.S. agencies that produce electricity or enriched uranium is included. The U.S. government's fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. 

Data in this table are prepared using the following conversion factors:

Electricity = 3,412 Btu/kilowatt-hour.

Purchased steam = 1,000 Btu/pound.

Coal = 24.580 million Btu/short ton.

Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/cubic foot.

Aviation gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel.

Fuel oil = 5.8254 million Btu/barrel.

Jet fuel = 5.460 million Btu/barrel. 

Liquefied petroleum gas = 4.011 million Btu/barrel.

Diesel and Gasoline = 5.250 million Btu/barrel.


KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; FY = fiscal year; DHS = Department of Homeland Security; GSA = General Services Administration; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; N = data do not exist; R = revised.

a Includes all U.S. government agencies not separately displayed. See for agency list.

b Includes liquefied petroleum gas and Navy special fuel oil.


U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Comprehensive Annual Energy Data and Sustainability Performance, available at as of Aug. 5, 2020.