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United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Combination Truck Fuel Consumption and Travel

Dataset Table:

Year Number registered (thousands) Vehicle-miles traveled (millions) Fuel consumed (million gallons) Average miles traveled per vehicle (thousands) 1
1965 787 31,700 6,658 40.3 2
1970 905 35,100 7,348 38.8 3
1975 1,131 46,700 9,177 41.3 4
1980 1,417 68,700 13,037 48.5 5

Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:



Data from 2007 were calculated using new sources and a new methodology developed by FHWA. Data for these years are not comparable to previous years. The FHWA estimates national trends by using State reported Highway Performance and Monitoring System (HPMS) data, fuel consumption data (MF-21 and MF-27), vehicle registration data (MV-1, MV-9, and MV-10), other data such as the R. L. Polk vehicle data, and a host of modeling techniques. Starting with the 2007 VM-1, an enhanced methodology is used to provide timely indictors on both travel and travel behavior changes.

From 1998-2006, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) used the Census Bureau's Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) for its baseline estimate of combination trucks. Prior to 1998, the FHWA used the Census Bureau's 1992 Transportation Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) for its baseline estimates. Therefore, post-1997 data may not be comparable to 1997 and earlier years.

In 1995, the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration revised its vehicle categories beginning with 1993 data to include passenger cars, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks, and combination trucks. Pre-1993 data have been reassigned to the most appropriate category. 

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.


KEY: R = revised.


1970-93: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A, available at as of Mar. 23, 2020. 

1994-2018: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, available at as of Mar. 23, 2020.