Box 1-A Extent of the U.S. Transportation System
MOTOR VEHICLES AND PUBLIC ROADS: 2000, 2010, and 2013
Public Road and Street Mileage by Functional Type (miles)
|Other freeways and expressways||9,140||11,319||11,602|
|Other principal arterial||152,233||160,493||161,757|
Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type
|Light-duty vehicle, short wheel base||U||190,202,782||184,497,490|
|Light-duty vehicle, long wheel base||U||40,241,658||51,512,740|
|Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles||79,084,979||U||U|
|Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more||5,926,030||8,217,189||8,126,007|
|TOTAL, registered vehicles||225,821,241||250,070,048||255,876,822|
Person-Miles Travelled (PMT) (millions)
|Light duty vehicle, short wheel base||U||2,814,055||2,882,221|
|Light duty vehicle, long wheel base||U||831,312||805,997|
|Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles||851,762||U||U|
|Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more||100,486||110,674||106,582|
|TOTAL, highway PMT||4,550,574||4,244,157||4,306,717|
Vehicle-Miles Travelled (VMT) (millions)
|Light duty vehicle, short wheel-base||U||2,025,745||2,074,458|
|Light duty vehicle, long wheel-base||U||622,712||603,313|
|Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles||923,059||U||U|
|Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more||70,500||110,738||106,582|
|TOTAL, highway VMT||2,746,925||2,967,266||2,988,323|
KEY: U = Data are unavailable.
NOTE: PMT and VMT for 2000 are not comparable to data for later years. Motor bus and demand response figures are also included in the bus figure for highway.
SOURCES: Vehicle Registrations, Public Roads and Street Mileages, Bridges, Lane-miles, Motor Vehicles, PMT, VMT: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics (multiple years), as cited in the USDOT. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Tables 1-5, 1-6, 1-11, 1-28, 1-35, 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015.
AIR: 2000, 2010, and 2013
Number of U.S. Airports
Number of U.S. Aircraft
|General aviation aircraft||217,533||223,370||199,927|
|International flights of U.S. carriers||U||91,000,000||97,500,000|
|TOTAL, passenger enplanements||U||720,500,000||743,200,000|
Passenger Miles (thousands)
|Domestic, revenue passenger-miles (RPM)||U||552,900,000||577,900,000|
|International on U.S. carriers, RPM||U||245,200,000||262,500,000|
|TOTAL, air RPM||U||798,000,000||840,400,000|
|Domestic, enplaned revenue ton-miles||U||12,500,000||12,400,000|
|International on U.S. carriers, enplaned revenue ton-miles||U||52,500,000||49,500,000|
|TOTAL, enplaned revenue ton-miles||U||65,000,000||62,000,000|
NOTES: General aviation includes air taxis. Commerical aircraft includes mainline and regional aircraft.
SOURCES: Airports and Aircraft: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as cited in USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics.Tables 1-3 and 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Pilots: USDOT/FAA. FAA Aerospace Forecast, Fiscal Years (multiple issues). Available at www.faa.gov as of June 2015. Passenger enplanements: USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Office of Airline Information (OAI), T-100 market data. Available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. RPM and Enplaned revenue ton-miles: USDOT, BTS, OAI, T-100 Segment data. Available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ as of June 2015.
TRANSIT: REVENUE YEARS 2000, 2010, and 2013
Number of Transit Vehicles
|Heavy rail cars||10,311||11,510||10,380|
|Commuter rail cars and locomotives||5,497||6,768||7,150|
|Light rail cars||1,306||2,096||2,842|
|TOTAL, rail transit vehicles||17,114||20,374||20,372|
|TOTAL, non-rail transit vehicles||89,022||115,300||116,609|
|TOTAL, transit vehicles||106,136||135,674||136,981|
|TOTAL, rail transit PMT||24,583||29,353||32,305|
|TOTAL, non-rail transit PMT||20,517||23,274||24,162|
|TOTAL, transit PMT||45,100||52,627||56,467|
Unlinked Passenger Trips (billions)
|TOTAL, rail transit UPT||3.36||4.47||4.81|
|TOTAL, non-rail transit UPT||5.36||5.49||5.60|
|TOTAL, transit UPT||8.72||9.96||10.41|
NOTES: Motor bus includes Bus (MB), Commuter Bus (CB), Bus Rapid Transit (RB), and Trolley Bus (TB). Light Rail includes Light Rail (LR), Streetcar Rail (SR), and Hybrid Rail (YR). Demand response includes Demand Response (DR) and Demand Response Taxi (DT).
SOURCES: Transit vehicles: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Federal Transit Administration (FTA). National Transit Database (NTD) as cited in USDOT. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Table 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Person-miles travelled: USDOT/FTA/NTD as cited in USDOT/BTS/NTS. Table 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Unlinked passenger trips: USDOT/FTA/NTD, Table 19. Available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ as of June 2015.
RAIL: FISCAL YEARS 2000, 2010, and 2013
Equipment and Mileage Operated by Amtrak
|Passenger-miles travelled (millions)||5,498||6,420||6,810|
Equipment and Mileage Operated by Class I
|Car companies and shippers freight cars||688,194||809,544||873,679|
KEY: FY = Fiscal Year. U = Data are unavailable
NOTE: Fiscal year ending in September.
SOURCES: Amtrak-Locomotives, Railcars, System mileage, Stations and Passenger-miles travelled: Amtrak as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Tables 1-1,1-7, 1-11, 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Passengers: USDOT, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, as cited in USDOT, BTS, Multimodal Transportation Indicators. Available at www.bts.gov as of June 2015. Class I railroads-Locomotives, Freight cars, and System Mileage: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Annual issues) as cited in USDOT/BTS/NTS. Tables 1-1, 1-11, 1-49. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Ton-miles: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Annual issues), as of June 2015.
WATER: 2000, 2010, and 2013
|U.S.-Flag privately owned merchant fleet (1,000 GT or over)||282||221||187|
|Recreational boats, millions||12.8||12.4||12.0|
|Waterway facilities (including cargo handling docks)||9,309||8,060||8,231|
|Seaports (handling over 250,000 tons)||197||178||182|
|Miles of navigable waterways||25,000||25,000||25,000|
KEY: GT = Gross Tons.
NOTE: U.S.-Flag privately owned merchant fleet includes only oceangoing self-propelled, cargo-carrying vessels of 1,000 GT and above. Total, Vessels includes unclassified vessels.
SOURCES: Fleet: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center. Navigation Data Center. Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States (Annual issues). Available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/ as of June 2015. Recreational boats: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Coast Guard. Recreational Boating Statistics as cited in USDOT. BTS. National Transportation Statistics. Table 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Waterways and Vessels: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Institute for Water Resources. Navigation Data Center. The U.S. Waterway System: Transportation Facts and Information (Annual issues). as cited in USDOT. BTS. National Transportation Statistics. Tables 1-1 and 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Locks, Facilities, and Seaports: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Institute for Water Resources. Navigation Data Center. The U.S. Waterway System: Transportation Facts and Information (Annual issues). Available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/ as of June 2015.
PIPELINE: 2000, 2010, and 2013
Gas Distribution Systems Mileage
|Distribution, main mileage||1,050,802||1,229,538||1,254,773|
|Distribution, estimated service mileage||737,298||872,384||894,609|
|TOTAL, gas distribution||1,788,100||2,101,921||2,149,382|
Natural Gas Transmission & Gathering Systems Mileage
|TOTAL, gas transmission & gathering||326,518||324,415||320,248|
Hazardous Liquid or Carbon Dioxide Systems Mileage
|Petroleum / refined products||U||64,787||63,533|
|Highly volatile liquids||U||57,980||62,742|
|CO2 or other||U||4,560||5,195|
|Fuel grade ethanol||U||16||16|
|TOTAL, hazardous liquid or CO2 systems||U||181,974||192,388|
KEY: U = Data are unavailable
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline Hazardous Material Safety Administration. Annual Report Mileage Summary Statistics. Available at http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/ as of June 2015.