Table 2-31: Transit Safety and Property Damage Data
|Incidentsa,b,c (includes accidents)||90,163||83,139||73,531||64,986||70,693||62,471||59,392||61,561||60,094||58,703||59,898||58,149||30,331||19,797||20,939||21,016||22,593||23,935||22,248|
|Rates per 100 million vehicle-milesd|
|Fatalities (all reportable incidents)||13.6||12.1||10.9||11.1||12.4||10.5||10.1||10.2||10.1||10.2||9.8||8.6||9.1||7.6||7.9||7.6||7.3||9.1||7.4|
|Injuries (all reportable incidents)||2,191||2,103||2,195||2,077||2,254||2,183||2,122||2,078||1,976||1,890||1,889||1,746||624||594||605||585||615||651||719|
|Property damageb,e (current $ millions)||38.0||37.5||37.5||44.9||38.4||46.3||57.6||55.5||61.5||55.3||58.9||73.1||32.2||59.2||43.4||71.7||37.9||39.7||52.7|
a Totals do not include data for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat. These data appear in the footnotes for table 2-33.
b The drop in the number of Incidents, Accidents, Injuries, and Property damage beginning from 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of Injuries. Only Injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Commuter rail data are now derived from the Federal Railroad Administration's Rail Accident Incident Reporting System (RAIRS). The threshold for reporting Property damage was changed from $1,000 in transit Property damage to $7,500 in total property damage from 2002 to 2007.
cAccidents include collisions with other vehicles, objects, and people (except suicides), and derailments/buses going off the road. Incidents include Accidents plus personal casualties (inside vehicles, inside stations, and boarding and alighting vehicle) and fires.
dFatality and Injury rates are based on total Incidents including Accidents and were calculated by dividing the number of Fatalities, Injuries, and Incidents in this table by the number of Vehicle miles.
e Total does not include Property damage for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat, which were: 1990-$335,000; 1991-$410,000; 1992-$288,000; 1993-$221,000; 1994-$322,000; 1995-$3,263,000; 1996-$157,000; 1997-$67,000; 1998-$24,000; 1999-$104,000; 2000-$77,000; 2001-$1,605,000; 2002-$254,000; 2003-$15,348,000; 2004-$604,000; 2005-$44,000; 2006- $555,000; 2007-$1,234,000; 2008-$1,065,000. The large increase in excluded Property damage reported in 2003 is a result of the Staten Island Ferry Incident on Oct. 16, 2003 which resulted in $15,000,000 of Property damage.
Data are provided only for transit systems that furnished safety data for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis, annual reports.
Transit vehicle-miles in this table differ from those reported in Chapter 1. The American Public Transit Association, which is the source for the vehicle-miles table in Chapter 1, includes all transit systems, while Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report covers only directly operated urban transit systems.
Prior to the 2000 edition, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report was entitled Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) annual report.
In 2008, the property damage threshold was changed to $25,000. Previously, any accident with property damage equal to or greater than $7,500 was reported. This change in coverage caused a large drop in the number of accidents in 2008.
1990-2007: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report (Cambridge, MA: Annual Issues), available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/Samis.asp as of Mar. 23, 2009.
2008: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, personal communication on May 13, 2010.