Table 2-25: Fatalities by Highest Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) in Highway Crashes
|Total fatalities||43,825||44,599||41,508||39,250||40,150||40,716||41,817||42,065||42,013||41,501||41,717||41,945||42,196||43,005||42,884||(R) 42,836||(R) 43,510||42,642|
|Fatalities in alcohol-related crashes||23,167||22,587||20,159||18,290||17,908||17,308||17,732||17,749||16,711||16,673||16,572||17,380||17,400||17,524||17,105||(R) 16,919||(R) 17,590||17,602|
|Percent||52.9||50.6||48.6||46.6||44.6||42.5||42.4||42.2||39.8||40.2||39.7||41.4||41.2||40.7||39.9||(R) 39||(R) 40||41.3|
|BAC = 0.00|
|Number||20,659||22,012||21,349||20,960||22,242||23,409||24,085||24,316||25,302||24,828||25,145||24,565||24,796||25,481||25,779||(R) 25,917||(R) 25,920||25,040|
|Percent||47.1||49.4||51.4||53.4||55.4||57.5||57.6||57.8||60.2||59.8||60.3||58.6||58.8||59.3||60.1||(R) 61||(R) 60||58.7|
|BAC = 0.01 - 0.07|
|Number||3,081||2,980||2,560||2,443||2,361||2,322||2,490||2,486||2,290||2,465||2,321||2,511||2,542||2,432||2,427||(R) 2,326||(R) 2,488||2,481|
|Percent||7.0||6.7||6.2||6.2||5.9||5.7||6.0||5.9||5.5||5.9||5.6||6.0||6.0||5.7||5.7||(R) 5||(R) 6||5.8|
|BAC = 0.08+|
|Number||20,086||19,607||17,599||15,847||15,547||14,985||15,242||15,263||14,421||14,207||14,250||14,870||14,858||15,093||14,678||(R) 14,593||(R) 15,102||15,121|
|Percent||45.8||44.0||42.4||40.4||38.7||36.8||36.4||36.3||34.3||34.2||34.2||35.5||35.2||35.1||34.2||(R) 34||(R) 35||35.5|
KEY: BAC = blood alcohol concentration; R= revised.
BAC values have been assigned by U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) when alcohol test results are unknown. Alcohol-related crashes pertain to the BAC of the driver and nonoccupants struck by motor vehicles. For some years, numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.
In 2001 the NHTSA adopted a new method to estimate missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test result data. This new method, multiple imputation, is being used by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) to improve the scope of alcohol involvement statistics by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. As a result of the methodology change, BAC 0.08 breakouts, which coincide with many state laws, can now be determined. Thus, NHTSA's general reporting categories have been modified to reflect this and are now BAC 0.00, BAC 0.01-0.07, and BAC 0.08+.
1985-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts - Alcohol (Washington DC: 2006), Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSF2004/809905.pdf as of Oct. 24, 2006.
2006: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, FARS database, personal communication, Oct. 4, 2007.