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Table 4-4. U.S. Energy Consumption by the Transportation Sector (Quadrillion Btu)

Table 4-4. U.S. Energy Consumption by the Transportation Sector (Quadrillion Btu)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Energy consumption (all sectors) 43.80 52.68 66.43 70.55 75.96 73.98 R81.29 R81.12 R82.42 R84.22 R85.99 R87.56 R90.42 R90.98 R91.23 92.78
Total transportation consumptiona 10.60 12.43 16.09 18.24 19.70 20.07 R22.54 R22.13 R22.47 R22.90 R23.52 R23.97 R24.52 R24.82 R25.36 26.09
% of total energy consumption 24.2 23.6 24.2 25.9 25.9 27.1 27.7 27.3 27.3 27.2 27.4 R27.4 R27.1 R27.3 R27.8 28.1
Total primary consumptionb 10.56 12.40 16.06 18.21 19.66 20.02 22.49 22.08 22.42 22.84 R23.47 R23.92 R24.47 R24.77 R25.30 26.04
Coal 0.074 0.017 0.007 0.001 e e e e e e e e e e e e
Million short tons 3.0 0.7 0.3 <0.05 e e e e e e e e e e e e
Natural gasc 0.36 0.52 0.74 0.60 0.65 0.52 0.68 0.62 0.61 0.64 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.78 R0.66 0.66
Trillion cubic feet 0.35 0.50 0.72 0.58 R0.63 0.50 0.66 0.60 0.59 0.62 0.69 0.70 0.71 R0.76 R0.64 E0.64
Petroleum productsd 10.13 11.87 15.31 17.61 19.01 19.50 21.81 21.46 21.81 22.20 R22.76 R23.20 R23.74 R24.00 R24.64 25.38
Million barrels 1,881 2,205 2,840 3,267 3,495 3,595 4,004 3,942 4,008 4,081 4,194 4,281 R4,377 R4,431 E4,552 E4,654
Electricity 0.011 0.010 0.009 0.010 0.011 R0.014 R0.016 R0.016 R0.016 R0.016 R0.017 R0.017 R0.017 R0.017 R0.017 0.017
Electrical system energy losses 0.027 0.023 0.021 R0.024 R0.027 R0.033 R0.036 R0.035 R0.035 R0.035 R0.036 R0.036 R0.036 R0.035 R0.036 0.035

a Sum of primary consumption, electricity, and electrical system energy losses categories.
b Sum of coal, natural gas, and petroleum categories.
c Consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel.
d Includes small amounts (about 0.1 quadrillion Btu per year since 1990) of renewable energy in the form of ethanol blended into motor gasoline.
e From 1980, small amounts of coal consumed for transportation are included in industrial sector consumption.

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; E = estimated; R = revised.

NOTES: Energy consumption (all sectors) differs from totals in table 4-2 for 1990 and subsequent years. Table 4-2 includes primary energy consumption only.

SOURCES:
Energy consumption (all sectors) and total transportation consumption:
1960-70: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington DC: July 1998), table 2.1.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC : June 2000), table 2.2 and table 2.5.
Total primary consumption:
1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1990, DOE/EIA-0384(90) (Washington, DC: May 1991), table 4.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 2.5.
Coal:
Btu:
1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington, DC: July 1998), table 7.3, and A5 for conversion.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 2.5.
Short tons:
1960-99: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1998, DOE/EIA-0384(98) (Washington, DC: July 1999), table 7.3.
Natural gas:
Btu:
1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington, DC: July 1998), table 6.6, and A4 for conversion.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 2.5.
Cubic feet:
1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington, DC: July 1998), table 6.6.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 4.4.
Petroleum products:
Btu:
1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington, DC: July 1998), table 2.1.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 2.5.
Barrels:
1960-97: Ibid. Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA-0384(97) (Washington, DC: July 1998), table 5.12b (barrels/day x 365 or 366 for leap years).
Electricity and electrical system energy losses:
1960-70: Ibid., State Energy Data Report 1993 (Washington, DC: July 1995), table 15.
1975-99: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(00/06) (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 2.5.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017