Table 4-23M. Average Fuel Efficiency of U.S. Passenger Cars, Light Trucks, and Light-Duty Vehicles
|Average U.S. passenger car fuele fficiency (kpl) (calendar year)R|
|Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle||5.2||6.1||6.8||7.4||7.3||7.3||7.3||U|
|New vehicle fuel efficiency (kpl)a (model year)R|
|Light-duty vehicle (passenger cars plus light trucks)|
|Light truck (<3,865 lbs GVWR)|
|CAFE standards (kpl)a (model year)R|
a Assumes 55% city and 45% highway-kilometers. The source calculated average kilometers per liter for light-duty vehicles by
taking the reciprocal of the sales-weighted average of liters per kilometer. This is called the harmonic average.
b 2 Wheel Drive/4 Wheel Drive. No combined figure available for this year.
KEY: CAFE = Corporate Average Fuel Economy; GVWR = gross vehicle weight rating; kpl = kilometers per liter; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.
NOTE: The fuel efficiency figures for light duty vehicles represent the sales-weighted harmonic average of the combined passenger car and light truck fuel economies.
Average U.S. passenger car fuel efficiency:
1980-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A. 1995-98: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
New vehicle fuel efficiency (based on model year production):
1980-99: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, final fuel economy calculations for the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, as cited in Internet site www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/problems/fuelecon/index.html. 1991-99: Manufacturer's preliminary estimates for the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, as cited in Internet site www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/problems/fuelecon/index.html.
1980-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, as cited in Internet site www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/problems/fuelecon/index.html