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Table 1-62. Congestion Index and Cost Values

Table 1-62. Congestion Index and Cost Values

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Urban area Annual congestion cost per driver ($) Annual congestion cost ($ millions)
1994 value 1996 value 1997 value 1994 rank 1996 rank 1997 rank 1994 value 1996 value 1997 value 1994 rank 1996 rank 1997 rank
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 270 295 140 62 61 62 105 115 55 59 61 59
Albuquerque, NM 585 700 650 22 25 24 240 300 285 46 47 45
Atlanta, GA 850 1,095 1,125 8 4 4 1,595 2,110 2,270 9 9 8
Austin, TX 805 970 880 10 11 12 370 465 430 34 36 34
Bakersfield, CA 220 270 155 64 65 61 55 70 40 63 63 61
Baltimore, MD 565 715 780 25 23 16 950 1,205 1,330 17 16 14
Beaumont, TX 150 180 225 66 68 56 15 20 25 67 67 63
Boston, MA 720 900 1,095 14 14 5 1,725 2,170 2,635 8 8 7
Boulder, CO 125 125 110 68 70 65 10 10 10 69 70 66
Brownsville, TX 110 165 50 70 69 68 10 15 5 69 69 68
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 215 285 115 65 63 64 180 240 95 53 52 55
Charlotte, NC 450 590 680 41 37 21 190 260 300 52 50 44
Chicago, IL-Northwestern, IN 545 670 720 26 26 20 3,225 4,005 4,400 3 3 3
Cincinnati, OH-KY 460 590 525 39 37 35 445 570 515 27 28 28
Cleveland, OH 305 390 345 57 58 51 435 570 505 28 28 29
Colorado Springs, CO 375 450 275 51 52 54 105 135 85 59 58 58
Columbus, OH 410 505 515 47 45 36 320 400 405 40 41 37
Corpus Christi, TX 240 285 110 63 63 65 50 65 25 64 64 63
Dallas, TX 845 1,015 975 9 10 8 1,410 1,765 1,715 12 12 12
Denver, CO 635 825 760 18 18 19 815 1,115 1,050 20 18 17
Detroit, MI 860 1,095 1,010 7 4 6 2,655 3,165 3,145 6 6 5
El Paso, TX-NM 280 290 205 59 62 58 115 125 90 58 60 57
Eugene-Springfield, OR 125 220 120 68 66 63 20 35 20 66 66 65
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL 495 625 515 32 30 36 515 730 605 26 25 25
Fort Worth, TX 655 840 640 16 15 27 610 805 625 22 22 24
Fresno, CA 280 350 315 59 59 52 100 130 120 61 59 54
Hartford-Middletown, CT 490 640 390 33 29 49 240 320 195 46 46 53
Honolulu, HI 465 520 510 37 43 38 250 285 280 45 48 46
Houston, TX 935 1,055 960 5 7 9 2,040 2,405 2,210 7 7 9
Indianapolis, IN 360 505 865 52 45 13 275 400 665 44 41 23
Jacksonville, FL 600 830 580 19 17 30 355 505 360 35 32 41
Kansas City, MO-KS 425 610 475 44 33 42 435 630 485 28 27 31
Laredo, TX 150 200 90 66 67 67 15 20 10 67 67 66
Las Vegas, NV 425 510 575 44 44 32 300 420 505 41 40 29
Los Angeles, CA 1,035 1,205 1,370 1 2 1 9,185 10,805 12,405 1 1 1
Louisville, KY-IN 540 720 680 27 22 21 340 475 455 38 34 32
Memphis, TN-AR-MS 425 505 480 44 45 41 290 365 350 43 44 42
Miami-Hialeah, FL 780 905 930 12 13 10 1,195 1,460 1,515 13 13 13
Milwaukee, WI 405 495 425 48 49 46 385 475 410 31 34 36
Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN 465 575 570 37 40 33 795 1,020 1,030 21 20 19
Nashville, TN 730 920 765 13 12 17 350 450 375 36 37 39
New Orleans, LA 440 500 400 43 48 47 375 430 350 32 39 42
New York, NY-Northeastern, NJ 590 705 640 21 24 27 8,235 9,810 8,885 2 2 2
Norfolk, VA 460 645 570 39 28 33 350 505 450 36 32 33
Oklahoma City, OK 325 460 305 54 51 53 210 345 235 49 45 49
Omaha, NE-IA 500 595 510 31 36 38 205 250 215 50 51 52
Orlando, FL 505 660 670 30 27 23 375 535 555 32 31 27
Philadelphia, PA-NJ 385 445 445 49 53 44 1,585 1,825 1,825 10 10 10
Phoenix, AZ 580 590 580 24 37 30 950 1,070 1,050 17 19 17
Pittsburgh, PA 385 485 245 49 50 55 595 755 370 23 24 40
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 585 765 885 22 20 11 545 765 930 24 23 21
Providence-Pawtucket, RI-MA 480 615 360 36 32 50 335 435 255 39 38 47
Rochester, NY 280 405 200 59 56 59 135 190 95 57 57 55
Sacramento, CA 595 730 645 20 21 26 540 670 595 25 26 26
Salem, OR 310 395 215 56 57 57 40 55 30 65 65 62
Salt Lake City, UT 315 430 400 55 54 47 195 270 255 51 49 47
San Antonio, TX 450 605 435 41 35 45 405 550 395 30 30 38
San Bernardino-Riverside, CA 890 1,030 815 6 9 15 855 990 790 19 21 22
San Diego, CA 520 620 635 28 31 29 1,015 1,200 1,265 14 17 16
San Francisco-Oakland, CA 975 1,055 995 4 7 7 3,000 3,250 3,065 4 5 6
San Jose, CA 805 1,070 765 10 6 17 955 1,315 955 16 14 20
Seattle-Everett, WA 995 1,155 1,165 3 3 3 1,495 1,780 1,805 11 11 11
Spokane, WA 290 340 200 58 60 59 70 85 50 62 62 60
St. Louis, MO-IL 650 825 845 17 18 14 995 1,280 1,310 15 15 15
Tacoma, WA 510 535 500 29 42 40 220 240 225 48 52 50
Tampa, FL 490 610 650 33 33 24 300 395 430 41 43 34
Tucson, AZ 360 420 450 52 55 43 170 210 225 55 54 50
Washington, DC-MD-VA 1,030 1,290 1,260 2 1 2 2,930 3,655 3,560 5 4 4

NOTES: The roadway congestion index (RCI) is a measure of vehicle travel density on major roadways in an urban area.An RCI exceeding 1.0 indicates an undesirable congestion level, on average, on the freeways and principal arterial street system during the peak period.The cities shown represent the 50 largest metropolitan areas, as well as others chosen by the states sponsoring the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.The cost of congestion is estimated with a value for each hour of travel time and each gallon of fuel. For a more detailed explanation of the formulas used, see the source document.

SOURCE: 1982-97: Texas Transportation Institute, The 1999 Annual Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 1999), tables 7 and 8.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017